Intel Alder Lake-H Core i9-12900HK Review: MSI's Raider GE76 Goes Hybridby Brett Howse on January 25, 2022 9:00 AM EST
- Posted in
- Alder Lake
- GE76 Raider
- 12th Gen Core
- Alder Lake-H
At CES this year, Intel officially announced its expanded Alder Lake processor lineup, including the performance-laptop focused H-Series chips, which traditionally fit in the 45-Watt range. For the last several processor generations, Intel has started their roll-outs with the low-power laptop parts, and then expanded the range up to and including desktop processors; but for Alder Lake they have flipped this on its head. Instead, Intel first launched desktop processors, such as the Core i9-12900K, and then moved down the range, with the performance notebook processors coming second, and the low-power processors coming later.
|Intel 12th Gen Core Alder Lake-H|
Today, we finally get to take a look at the 12th generation H-Series processors and see how they stack up to not only Intel’s previous 11th generation Tiger Lake platform, but also AMD’s Ryzen 5000 Mobile series. If you’ve not yet taken a look at the initial Alder Lake desktop processor review, definitely check that out since Alder Lake is a big departure from Intel’s traditional CPU design. Featuring a new hybrid CPU design with performance (P-cores) and efficiency cores (E-cores), the new design is more characteristic of what you would see in a smartphone platform, except Intel’s efficiency cores offer almost Skylake levels of performance and should not be disregarded.
Combined with Windows 11, Intel is hoping to improve multi-tasking performance with not only more cores, but also with Windows 11 being able to park jobs that are not in the foreground on the efficiency cores, leaving the performance cores available for the user to avoid system responsiveness problems even when the system is heavily loaded.
The Test System – MSI Raider GE76
Intel is putting its best foot forward, as expected, by supplying the MSI Raider GE76 system for performance testing. This 17-inch desktop-replacement machine is nearly always at the top of all notebook performance comparisons, and for 2022, MSI has kept the chassis the same, save for adding in Alder Lake as well as the latest NVIDIA RTX 3080 Ti Laptop GPU. We recently reviewed the Tiger Lake version of this notebook so if you want to learn more about the device, please check that review out. The Tiger Lake version was the fastest notebook we had ever tested, so expectations are high with the new Alder Lake refresh. We will be covering some of the same aspects here as well.
And for those that follow MSI, be aware that for 2022 they are moving the laptop name ahead of the model number, so it is now the Raider GE76, whereas last year it was the GE76 Raider.
|MSI Raider GE76 Alder Lake|
|CPU||Intel Core i9-12900HK
6 x P-Core, 8 x E-Core, 20 Threads
85 W TDP
|GPU||NVIDIA RTX 3080 Ti for Laptops
7424 CUDA Cores
16GB GDDR6 (16Gbps)
|RAM||2 x 16GB DDR5-4800|
|Display||17.3-inch 1920x1080 360 Hz|
|Storage||2 x Samsung PM9A1 1 TB NVMe PCIe 4.0|
|Networking||Killer AX1675 Wi-Fi 6E
Killer E3100G Ethernet
|I/O||1 x Thunderbolt 4
3 x USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type-A
1 x USB 3.2 Gen2 Type-C
1 x HDMI 2.1
1 x Mini DisplayPort 1.4
SD Card Reader
|Keyboard||Steelseries per-key RGB Anti-Ghost|
2 x 2W + 2 x 1W Speakers
|Battery||99.9 Wh Battery
330 W AC Adapter
|Dimensions||15.63 x 11.18 x 1.02 inches|
|Weight||2.9 kg / 6.9 lbs|
|Price (USD)||$3600 USD with single SSD|
MSI checks all the boxes for 2022. Featuring the Core i9-12900HK, 32 GB of DDR5-4800 memory, the newest NVIDIA RTX 3080 Ti Laptop GPU, and not one but two Samsung PM9A1 1 TB NVMe PCIe 4.0 drives. MSI has improved their cooling solution for 2022 with a new Phase Change thermal pad as well, allowing the system to wick heat away from the hot components into the cooling system with even more efficiency.
The Core i9-12900HK Processor
At the top of the Alder Lake laptop product stack is the Core i9-12900HK processor. It features six of the new Golden Cove P-cores and eight of the new Gracemont E-cores. The P-Core can turbo up to 5 GHz, while the E-Core caps out at 3.8 GHz. The processor has a nominal TDP of 45 Watts – though in the case of our Raider, the TDP appears to be set closer to 75 Watts out of the box – with a peak turbo draw of up to 115 Watts. It offers up to eight lanes of PCIe 4.0 for graphics and two sets of four PCIe 4.0 lanes for storage, along with an additional twelve PCIe 3.0 lanes.
One of the big changes for Alder Lake-H is that Intel has taken a page from the design for their U/Y/P series chips and moved the formerly separate PCH on to the processor package itself. This essentially reduces Alder Lake-H to a single package solution, as like its other mobile brethren, no external silicon is required to provide necessary I/O functionality. By reducing ADL-H to a single package, this will allow for smaller form factor designs, as well as reducing the footprint that needs to be cooled.
The new processor can support up to 64 GB of memory, and supports DDR5-4800, LPDDR5-5200, DDR4-3200, and LPDDR4-4267. There are a plethora of PCIe lanes available with eight PCIe 4.0 lanes for graphics, two sets of four PCIe 4.0 lanes for storage, and an additional twelve PCIe 3.0 lanes. It can't quite match a desktop processor and chipset, and the laptop processors do not have support for PCIe 5.0 yet unlike their desktop counterparts, but it is still a significant amount of expansion available. There is also support for up to four Thunderbolt 4 ports for external I/O.
On the graphics front, the Core i9-12900HK offers Intel Iris Xe graphics with 96 Execution Units on tap with a peak GPU frequency of 1.45 GHz. This is a big step up in terms of integrated graphics from the Tiger Lake H-Series, which only provided 32 Execution Units of Intel UHD graphics. Laptop buyers will be unlikely to find the H-Series where it is not paired with a dedicated graphics card, but it is nice to see that the latest Alder Lake lineup does get access to the top-tier graphics regardless.
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blanarahul - Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - linkThat has always been the case with Intel CPUs for the past 4-5 years. Desktop Alder Lake touches 240 watts to beat AMD and laptop Alder Lake crosses 110 watts in a portable chassis to beat AMD.
I am looking forward to how the 6800H performs.
Yojimbo - Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - linkYou're looking at the wrong laptop as a basis for this discussion.
FMinus - Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - linkLooking at how this loses to 4800U from 2020 at 30W in CB20, this does not bode well for Intel in anything but 100W+ scenarios. 6000 U series will walk over anything Intel puts out. A shame really. The efficiency cores seem to be a waste of die space, what I suspected.
IntelUser2000 - Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - linkActually you are mistaken. The E cores are what allows them to achieve this performance level. Without it it'll be worse.
So the problem is the P cores are too inefficient.
Spunjji - Thursday, January 27, 2022 - linkThe E cores aren't actually very efficient in terms of power - just die area. Their main purpose is marketing: they let Intel advertise a "14 core" CPU and scrape out wins in multi-threaded productivity benchmarks (when power isn't constrained).
demian_thorne - Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - linkI hope the “right” laptop does not cause 3rd degree burns :)
Spunjji - Thursday, January 27, 2022 - linkYou say they're looking at the wrong laptop, but it's the laptop Intel provided, so it's worth asking yourself why Intel would provide this specific laptop. Much like the Ice Lake and Tiger Lake launches, Intel is front-loading reviews with high benchmark scores from an over-cooled platform that the vast majority of end users will not see reflected in actual products.
drothgery - Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - linkIt's not great, but anything using an H-series CPU is going to spend a lot more time plugged in than on battery, and it's better than Tiger Lake H or Comet Lake H, so it's not like they're getting worse there.
yeeeeman - Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - linkthis is a performance oriented laptop. I think having the OPTION to get the highest performance with close to unlimited power is good. If you keep it on balanced power profile it will consume 70W and lose about 10% of performance, so still a LOT faster than any other laptop.
Kamen Rider Blade - Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - linkThen go get a desktop AlderLake PC. You'll get even more Performance!