Since Intel announced and launched its 12th Gen Core series of CPUs in to the market, we've reviewed both the flagship Core i9-12900K, as well as the entry-level (but still very capable) Core i3-12300 processors. Today, we're looking at the middle of the stack, with the Core i7-12700K and Core i5-12600K both taking center stage.

Ever since AMD launched its Zen 3 architecture and its Ryzen 5000 series for desktop, Intel has been playing catch up in both performance and pricing. Intel's hybrid Alder Lake design is its second attempt (Rocket Lake) to dethrone Ryzen 5000 as the go-to processor for consumers building a high-end desktop system for gaming, content creation, and everything in between. It's time to see if the Core i7-12700K and Core i5-12600K can finally level the playing field, if not outright give Intel an advantage in the always popular mid-range and enthusiast markets.

Below is a list of our detailed Intel Alder Lake and Z690 coverage:

As a quick recap, we've covered Alder Lake's dual architectural hybrid design in our Core i9-12900K review, including the differences between the P (performance) and E (efficiency cores). The P-cores are based on Intel's high-performing Golden Cove architecture, which provides solid single-threaded performance. Meanwhile, the Gracemont-based E-cores, although lower-performing on their own, are smaller and draw much less power, allowing Intel to pack them in to benefit multi-threaded workloads without blowing the chips' power and thermal budgets.

Intel 12th Gen Core i7 and Core i5 Series: For The Mid-Range & Enthusiasts

At the beginning of 2022, Intel unveiled 22 new Alder Lake Desktop-S processors to the market, with the K-series processors such as the Core i9-12900K, Core i7-12700K, and Core i5-12600K having been made available back in November 2021. Looking at Intel's 12th Gen Core i7 lineup, there are five SKUs in total, all of which are variants of the 12700 offering the same 8 P-cores and 4 E-cores at different clockspeeds and TDPs. Leading the group are the Core i7-12700K and i7-12700KF, which come with an unlocked multiplier and can be overclocked when used with a Z690 motherboard.

The Core i7-12700 is a base model with no overclocking support, while the Core i7-12700F is the same as the base model without the integrated Xe Iris graphics. The last of the Core i7 models is the i7-12700T, which has a lower base TDP of 35 W, with a turbo TDP of 180 W and a P-Core turbo of 4.7 GHz primarily designed for low powered systems.

Intel 12th Gen Core, Alder Lake
AnandTech Cores
iGPU Base
Core i7
i7-12700K 8+4 2700 3800 3600 5000 25 770 125 190 $409
i7-12700KF 8+4 2700 3800 3600 5000 25 - 125 190 $384
i7-12700 8+4 1600 3600 2100 4900 25 770 65 180 $339
i7-12700F 8+4 1600 3600 2100 4900 25 - 65 180 $314
i7-12700T 8+4 1000 3400 1400 4700 25 770 35 99 $339
Core i5
i5-12600K 6+4 2800 3600 3700 4900 20 770 125 150 $289
i5-12600KF 6+4 2800 3600 3700 4900 20 - 125 150 $264
i5-12600 6+0 - - 3300 4800 18 770 65 117 $223
i5-12600T 6+0 - - 2100 4600 18 770 35 74 $223
i5-12500 6+0 - - 3000 4600 18 770 65 117 $202
i5-12500T 6+0 - - 2000 4400 18 770 35 74 $202
i5-12400 6+0 - - 2500 4400 18 730 65 117 $192
i5-12400F 6+0 - - 2500 4400 18 - 65 117 $167
i5-12400T 6+0 - - 1800 4200 18 730 35 74 $192

Moving onto the 12th gen Core i5 series, there's a total of nine SKUs, which is a large stack for the mid-range market. Prices range from $289 for the top SKU, the Core i5-12600K with an unlocked multiplier and full overclocking support, and the Core i5-12600KF ($264), which is the exact specification minus Intel's Xe integrated graphics.

Out of all of Intel's 12th Gen Core i5 series parts, the Core i5-12600K and i5-12600KF are the only two chips to include both P-Core (Golden Cove) E-Core (Gracemont) hybrid cores. They both feature six P-cores four E-cores, for a total of 16-threads. The rest of the Core i5 stack for Alder Lake includes only six P-cores based on Intel's Golden Cove architecture, foregoing the E-cores entirely.

There are three 'base' models of the Core i5, including the i5-12600, i5-12500, and i5-12400, with differences only in base frequency and turbo frequencies (and price), with just $31 separating them in 1K unit pricing. Intel also has three T series variants, including the Core i5-12600T, the i5-12500T, and i5-12400T, all with a base TDP of 35 W and a turbo TDP of 117 W. There's also an odd one out, the Core i5-12400F, which is the same specifications as the Core i5-12400 base model, but without integrated graphics.

Intel Laminar RM1 Stock CPU Cooler for non-K Core i7, Core i5, and Core i3 processors

As we highlighted in our Core i3-12300 review, Intel has also refreshed its 'stock' coolers for the first time in what feels like an age. Accompanying all of Intel's 12th Gen Core i7, Core i5, and Core i3 processors (not the K/KF SKUs) is the Intel Laminar RM1 stock CPU cooler, which has a revamped design over previous iterations of its stock cooler. The Laminar RM1 is constructed of a copper base with aluminum fins and is designed to support up to and including 65 W TDP processors.

The Intel Core i7-12700K & Core i5-12600K: Market Positioning and the Competition

For the first time since AMD released its Zen 3 based Ryzen 5000 series desktop processors, Intel has undoubtedly been playing catch up. Its 11th Gen Core (Rocket Lake) architecture bridged the gap somewhat, but as seen in our initial review of Alder Lake via our Core i9-12900K review, only with their latest generation of chips has Intel been able to leap-frog ahead of AMD at the top of the desktop CPU market. 

Looking at where the 12th Gen Core i7-12700K slots in, it has 8+4 (12) cores for 20 threads, and as such, it competes against the AMD Ryzen 9 5900X, which has 12-Zen 3 cores and 24 threads. Especially following some very recent tightening of the market for AMD chips, the Core i7-12700K has become a much better deal on paper with a current selling price at Amazon of $400 versus the $480 that the Ryzen 9 5900X currently costs.

Intel Core i5-12600K (left) and Core i7-12700K (right) CPU-Z screenshots

The Core i5-12600K is slightly different, as it has two main rivals on the market, the AMD Ryzen 7 5800X with 8 cores and 16 threads for $390, and the Ryzen 5 5600X, which can be purchased at Amazon for $229 at present. In contrast, the Core i5-12600K has a hybrid 8+4 (12) core design for 16 threads, and it fits in between both of these in the market with a current selling price at Amazon of $279.


Despite many design differences between the aforementioned chips, including core count, thread count, architecture, and core structure, the only differences many are likely to care about are the performance and the price. Earlier this month AMD cut pricing on virtually all of its Ryzen 5000 line-up, which made things much more competitive when comparing Intel's 12th Gen Core MSRP versus AMD's Ryzen 5000's initial launch MSRP. However a very recent bounce in AMD chip prices has started to undo this.


Another variable to consider in this market segment is AMD's new Ryzen 7 5800X3D, with 3D V-Cache, which targets gamers, 8-cores, 16-threads, but it isn't overclockable. AMD intends to launch it on April 20th, and the Ryzen 7 5800X3D will launch with an MSRP of $449. This roughly coincides in terms of pricing with its Ryzen 9 5900X, and is $50 more expensive than the Core i7-12700K, which benefits from more cores and faster cores...and it's overclockable.

Test Bed and Setup

Although there were some problems initially with the Intel Thread Director when using Windows 10 at the launch of Alder Lake, any core scheduling issues are entirely negated by using the latest Windows 11 operating system. The Intel Thread Director works in tandem with Alder Lake to assign the right P-cores and E-cores to different tasks based on the complexity and severity of the workload. We are also testing the Core i7-12700K and Core i5-12600K with DDR5 memory at JEDEC specifications (DDR5-4800 CL40). We are also using Windows 11, which we are using now for CPU and motherboard reviews as we advance into the rest of 2022 and beyond.

For our testing, we are using the following:

Alder Lake Test System (DDR5)
CPU Core i5-12600K ($289)
6+4 Cores, 16 Threads
125W Base, 150W Turbo

Core i7-12700K ($409)
8+4 Cores, 20 Threads
125 W Base, 190 W Turbo
Motherboard MSI Z690 Carbon WI-FI
Memory SK Hynix
2x32 GB
DDR5-4800 CL40
Cooling MSI Coreliquid 360mm AIO
Storage Crucial MX300 1TB
Power Supply Corsair HX850 
GPUs NVIDIA RTX 2080 Ti, Driver 496.49
Operating Systems Windows 11 Up to Date

All other chips for comparison were run as tests listed in our benchmark database, Bench, on Windows 10.

CPU Benchmark Performance: Power, Office, And Science
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  • kwohlt - Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - link

    E cores are getting double the L2 cache in Raptor Lake, so that is certainly not 0% gain.
  • vlad42 - Friday, April 1, 2022 - link

    Yes, and from Ice Lake to Tiger Lake there was a 2.5x L2 cache size increase (512KB -> 1.25 MB) and ~0% gain per clock. It all depends on whether or not the 2x L2 increase in Intel's next gen E cores is countered by something else such as increased L2 cache latency, longer pipeline depth, etc.
  • mode_13h - Saturday, April 2, 2022 - link

    > from Ice Lake to Tiger Lake there was a 2.5x L2 cache size increase (512KB -> 1.25 MB)
    > and ~0% gain per clock.

    Your point seems to be that L2 cache doesn't matter, but that's not what Ian & Andrei concluded. From the Tiger Lake review:

    "IPC improvements of Willow Cove are quite mixed. In some rare workloads which can fully take advantage of the cache increases we’re seeing 9-10% improvements, but these are more of an exception rather than the rule. In other workloads we saw some quite odd performance regressions, especially in tests with high memory pressure where the design saw ~5-12% regressions. As a geometric mean across all the SPEC workloads and normalised for frequency, Tiger Lake showed 97% of the performance per clock of Ice Lake."

    So, it seemed to make a significant impact in *some* cases. Without deep analysis, one can't conclude exactly why the regressions occurred, because there are other differences between the chips than their caches.

    However, another point worth remembering is that performance increases from clock speed alone tend to be sub-linear. Therefore, it takes more than merely cranking up the clocks to even maintain IPC-parity.
  • Mike Bruzzone - Tuesday, April 5, 2022 - link

    I'll toss this in for consideration. Not a design consideration but a fabrication consideration.

    Density can be an enemy to performance as well as a friend.

    Ice U quad to Tiger U quad to Tiger Octa to Sapphire Rapids 14C incremental fabrication improvement is how Intel validated SF10/x; getting back on process track.

    Pursuing design process validation this way quad/octa/dodedeca Intel seriously over produced TL quad and I suspect a wide variance from spec across TL quad production volume. I also believe this to be a great undergraduate / graduate studies project to record variance across all three architectures in relation to spec. My thesis is its all over the place on Tiger quad U and may be with Tiger octa? I don't have the time or resources to do this but for those who do, you'll get a job after graduation on this project.

    I think Alder Lake structurally is an improvement, but architecturally on design process I am not sure.

    Fabrication yield assessment on SUPPLY a design

    This is getting dated but it examines the cost change between Comet mobile 14/12 to Ice 10 nm production cost.

  • drothgery - Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - link

    The abysmal IPC gains were on Skylake respins. Of course they didn't gain much on IPC, they were basically the same core (which was still better than Zen 1; it took Zen 2 to beat Skylake+++ on a core per core basis)!
  • Spunjji - Friday, April 1, 2022 - link

    The abysmal ~5% IPC gains were consistent across every Intel generation after Sandy Bridge and only stopped with Ice Lake, which lost so much in clock speed that overall performance didn't improve. We finally got a proper improvement with Tiger Lake on mobile and then Alder Lake on desktop.
  • mode_13h - Saturday, April 2, 2022 - link

    > The abysmal ~5% IPC gains were consistent across every Intel generation after Sandy Bridge and only stopped with Ice Lake,

    Intel was busy adding things like AVX2, AVX-512, TSX, and bigger iGPUs. That's the direction they went with the additional transistors they were willing to use. That's not to say they couldn't have done more on IPC as well, but I think they made a conscious decision to invest in other aspects.
  • Khanan - Thursday, April 7, 2022 - link

    Rocket Lake recently would like a word with you. A nice disaster that was, again a abysmal IPC gain that was offset or more than offset in most cases by the larger cache of 10900K. Intel up to 12th gen didn’t really do many good things. 12th then again only is up to par with 5950X when running on over 200W, not really as good, I would certainly buy the 5950X and not the 12900K if I needed 16 cores and a lot of threads.
  • mode_13h - Monday, April 11, 2022 - link

    > Rocket Lake recently would like a word with you.

    Yeah, that was an interesting experiment. It turned out better than I expected, but still not great. The problem with backporting a uArch is that each is designed around the properties of a process node - most importantly, the critical path. If such assumptions go out the window, then you might be looking at things like adding more pipeline stages, which then potentially invalidates other tradeoffs.

    > abysmal IPC gain that was offset or more than offset in most
    > cases by the larger cache of 10900K.

    I'll have to go back and look at benchmarks, because the sense I got was that only those which had good scaling vs. number of cores were the ones that still came out ahead on Comet Lake. The ones with poorer scaling favored the IPC gains on Rocket Lake.

    Here's what Ian concluded about Rocket Lake's IPC:

    "Compared to the previous generation, clock-for-clock performance gains for math workloads are 16-22% or 6-18% for other workloads"


    Since that review lacked SPEC2017 tests, you have to go back to the i7 "surprise!" review, for those:

    "Here, the new generation from Intel is showcasing a +5.8% and +16.2% performance improvement over its direct predecessor. Given the power draw increases we’ve seen this generation, those are rather unimpressive results, and actually represent a perf/W regression."

    It's weird that you mention cache, because Rocket Lake actually boosted L1D by 50% and doubled L2! It's only L3 that's a little smaller, but we're still talking about 2 MB per core.
  • yankeeDDL - Tuesday, March 29, 2022 - link

    I'm not sure about the flip/flop. AMD has been in the lead in most relevant benchmarks since Zen (1xxx).
    Zen3 vs TGL was a bloodbath. I am glad to see Intel back up: I think AMD was starting to slouch a bit with the improvements: competition is awesome.
    And yes, ADL is only marginally better than Zen3 (generally speaking: more power hungry, but slightly better perf/watt, ending up in a decent advantage in peak performance, despite the massive consumption). So it's likely that Zen4 will re-establish AMD dominance.
    The chiplet approach also should make Ryzen noticeably cheaper to manufacture, which means Intel would really need to bump up the performance on the next Gen.

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